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中国现代化的历史与未来(上)

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年05月23日 15:59:25
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同乐城娱乐|首页平台直属招商最高㊖100返9♔诚招代理【微信QQ同步】860925559 腾讯分分彩,腾讯5分彩,腾讯10分彩,时时彩龙虎和,U米彩票代理,U米官网,U米平台注册,U米乐官网,U米娱乐官方网站。中国现代化的历史与未来(上)
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从)(“三)(步)(走)(”到)(新)(时)(代)(“两)(阶)(段)(”战)(略)(目)(标)(的)(演)(进)(
集)(中)(力)(量)(进)(行)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(建)(设)(是)(中)(国)(宪)(法)(规)(定)(的)(国)(家)(根)(本)(任)(务)(,为)(实)(现)(这)(一)(总)(任)(务)(,在)(不)(同)(历)(史)(时)(期)(、不)(同)(发)(展)(阶)(段)(,从)(“三)(步)(走)(”到)(“两)(个)(一)(百)(年)(”再)(到)(新)(时)(代)(“两)(阶)(段)(”,中)(国)(领)(导)(集)(体)(提)(出)(了)(相)(应)(的)(发)(展)(战)(略)(。这)(些)(战)(略)(目)(标)(具)(有)(开)(创)(性)(、继)(承)(性)(、连)(续)(性)(,为)(建)(立)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(强)(国)(和)(实)(现)(中)(华)(民)(族)(伟)(大)(复)(兴)(提)(出)(了)(时)(间)(表)(和)(路)(线)(图)(。
1.“三)(步)(走)(”战)(略)(的)(形)(成)(与)(发)(展)(。新)(中)(国)(成)(立)(后)(,中)(国)(开)(始)(探)(索)(新)(历)(史)(时)(期)(国)(家)(建)(设)(道)(路)(。1963年)(,中)(央)(工)(作)(会)(议)(提)(出)(国)(民)(经)(济)(发)(展)(分)(两)(步)(考)(虑)(,第)(一)(步)(建)(立)(一)(个)(独)(立)(的)(比)(较)(完)(整)(的)(工)(业)(体)(系)(和)(国)(民)(经)(济)(体)(系)(,使)(中)(国)(的)(工)(业)(大)(体)(上)(接)(近)(世)(界)(先)(进)(水)(平)(;第)(二)(步)(使)(中)(国)(工)(业)(走)(在)(世)(界)(前)(列)(,全)(面)(实)(现)(农)(业)(、工)(业)(、国)(防)(和)(科)(学)(技)(术)(现)(代)(化)(。1964年)(,三)(届)(全)(国)(人)(大)(一)(次)(会)(议)(正)(式)(提)(出)(了)(实)(现)(“四)(个)(现)(代)(化)(”问)(题)(,即)(要)(“在)(不)(太)(长)(的)(历)(史)(时)(期)(内)(,把)(中)(国)(建)(设)(成)(为)(一)(个)(具)(有)(现)(代)(农)(业)(、现)(代)(工)(业)(、现)(代)(国)(防)(和)(现)(代)(科)(学)(技)(术)(的)(社)(会)(主)(义)(强)(国)(”。1975年)(,四)(届)(全)(国)(人)(大)(一)(次)(会)(议)(上)(重)(申)(并)(明)(确)(时)(间)(,提)(出)(第)(一)(步)(在)(1980年)(以)(前)(,建)(成)(一)(个)(独)(立)(的)(比)(较)(完)(整)(的)(工)(业)(体)(系)(和)(国)(民)(经)(济)(体)(系)(,第)(二)(步)(在)(20世)(纪)(内)(,全)(面)(实)(现)(农)(业)(、工)(业)(、国)(防)(和)(科)(学)(技)(术)(的)(现)(代)(化)(,使)(中)(国)(国)(民)(经)(济)(走)(在)(世)(界)(前)(列)(。这)(一)(时)(期)(的)(目)(标)(总)(体)(较)(为)(冒)(进)(,但)(也)(为)(后)(期)(部)(署)(提)(供)(了)(经)(验)(借)(鉴)(。
改)(革)(开)(放)(后)(,新)(一)(代)(领)(导)(集)(体)(继)(承)(了)(“四)(个)(现)(代)(化)(”的)(战)(略)(构)(想)(,但)(立)(足)(于)(基)(本)(国)(情)(,也)(认)(识)(到)(任)(务)(的)(艰)(巨)(性)(和)(挑)(战)(性)(,赋)(予)(了)(现)(代)(化)(新)(的)(内)(涵)(,规)(划)(步)(骤)(也)(更)(加)(科)(学)(具)(体)(。1979年)(,邓)(小)(平)(在)(会)(见)(时)(任)(日)(本)(首)(相)(大)(平)(正)(芳)(时)(指)(出)(,中)(国)(要)(实)(现)(的)(现)(代)(化)(是)(中)(国)(式)(的)(现)(代)(化)(,是)(小)(康)(之)(家)(式)(的)(现)(代)(化)(。建)(设)(小)(康)(社)(会)(的)(阶)(段)(性)(目)(标)(逐)(渐)(清)(晰)(,1982年)(,中)(共)(十)(二)(大)(正)(式)(提)(及)(小)(康)(目)(标)(,制)(定)(到)(20世)(纪)(末)(分)(两)(步)(走)(达)(到)(小)(康)(水)(平)(的)(目)(标)(规)(划)(。之)(后)(,邓)(小)(平)(对)(中)(国)(现)(代)(化)(建)(设)(进)(行)(更)(加)(全)(面)(和)(长)(远)(的)(思)(考)(。1987年)(,中)(共)(十)(三)(大)(明)(确)(了)(中)(国)(国)(民)(经)(济)(发)(展)(“三)(步)(走)(”战)(略)(,不)(仅)(分)(两)(步)(在)(20世)(纪)(末)(实)(现)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(比)(1980年)(翻)(两)(番)(,并)(且)(要)(在)(21世)(纪)(中)(叶)(使)(人)(均)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(达)(到)(中)(等)(发)(达)(国)(家)(水)(平)(,基)(本)(实)(现)(现)(代)(化)(。
2.“两)(个)(一)(百)(年)(”目)(标)(的)(提)(出)(与)(发)(展)(。面)(临)(世)(纪)(之)(交)(,中)(共)(对)(“三)(步)(走)(”战)(略)(中)(第)(三)(步)(开)(始)(进)(行)(规)(划)(。1992年)(,中)(共)(十)(四)(大)(提)(到)(在)(20世)(纪)(90年)(代)(要)(初)(步)(建)(立)(起)(新)(的)(经)(济)(体)(制)(,实)(现)(达)(到)(小)(康)(水)(平)(的)(第)(二)(步)(发)(展)(目)(标)(;到)(建)(党)(一)(百)(周)(年)(的)(时)(侯)(在)(各)(方)(面)(形)(成)(一)(整)(套)(更)(加)(成)(熟)(、更)(加)(定)(型)(的)(制)(度)(;在)(此)(基)(础)(上)(,到)(21世)(纪)(中)(叶)(建)(国)(一)(百)(周)(年)(的)(时)(侯)(,就)(能)(够)(达)(到)(基)(本)(实)(现)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(的)(第)(三)(步)(发)(展)(目)(标)(。“两)(个)(一)(百)(年)(”目)(标)(初)(步)(提)(出)(。5年)(之)(后)(,在)(对)(历)(史)(、当)(前)(和)(未)(来)(发)(展)(阶)(段)(和)(内)(外)(部)(条)(件)(作)(出)(基)(本)(判)(断)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,中)(共)(十)(五)(大)(作)(出)(具)(体)(部)(署)(,提)(出)(建)(党)(一)(百)(年)((2021年)()时)(使)(国)(民)(经)(济)(更)(加)(发)(展)(,各)(项)(制)(度)(更)(加)(完)(善)(;建)(国)(一)(百)(年)((2049年)()时)(基)(本)(实)(现)(现)(代)(化)(,建)(成)(富)(强)(、民)(主)(、文)(明)(的)(社)(会)(主)(义)(国)(家)(。在)(第)(一)(个)(百)(年)(的)(前)(10年)(,要)(实)(现)(国)(民)(生)(产)(总)(值)(比)(2000年)(翻)(一)(番)(。
2002年)(,中)(共)(十)(六)(大)(更)(具)(体)(地)(设)(计)(了)(第)(一)(个)(百)(年)(目)(标)(,提)(出)(要)(在)(21世)(纪)(头)(20年)(集)(中)(力)(量)(全)(面)(建)(设)(惠)(及)(十)(几)(亿)(人)(口)(的)(更)(高)(水)(平)(的)(小)(康)(社)(会)(,并)(提)(出)(了)(涉)(及)(经)(济)(、社)(会)(主)(义)(民)(主)(、教)(育)(科)(技)(文)(化)(医)(疗)(、可)(持)(续)(发)(展)(等)(方)(面)(的)(具)(体)(目)(标)(,其)(中)(,国)(内)(生)(产)(总)(值)(到)(2020年)(要)(力)(争)(比)(2000年)(翻)(两)(番)(。此)(后)(,全)(面)(建)(成)(小)(康)(社)(会)(成)(为)(未)(来)(一)(段)(时)(间)(的)(重)(点)(奋)(斗)(目)(标)(。2007年)(,中)(共)(十)(七)(大)(在)(十)(六)(大)(确)(立)(的)(全)(面)(建)(设)(小)(康)(社)(会)(目)(标)(的)(基)(础)(上)(对)(中)(国)(发)(展)(提)(出)(新)(的)(更)(高)(要)(求)(——在)(优)(化)(结)(构)(、提)(高)(效)(益)(、降)(低)(消)(耗)(、保)(护)(环)(境)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,实)(现)(人)(均)(国)(内)(生)(产)(总)(值)(到)(2020年)(比)(2000年)(翻)(两)(番)(,首)(次)(纳)(入)(了)(人)(均)(GDP的)(量)(化)(指)(标)(,社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(国)(家)(内)(涵)(中)(增)(加)(了)(“和)(谐)(”二)(字)(。2012年)(,中)(共)(十)(八)(大)(首)(次)(纳)(入)(居)(民)(人)(均)(收)(入)(目)(标)(,提)(出)(在)(发)(展)(平)(衡)(性)(、协)(调)(性)(、可)(持)(续)(性)(明)(显)(增)(强)(的)(基)(础)(上)(,实)(现)(国)(内)(生)(产)(总)(值)(和)(城)(乡)(居)(民)(人)(均)(收)(入)(比)(2010年)(翻)(一)(番)(,并)(正)(式)(概)(括)(提)(出)(在)(中)(国)(共)(产)(党)(成)(立)(一)(百)(年)(时)(全)(面)(建)(成)(小)(康)(社)(会)(,在)(新)(中)(国)(成)(立)(一)(百)(年)(时)(建)(成)(富)(强)(、民)(主)(、文)(明)(、和)(谐)(的)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(国)(家)(。
3.新)(时)(代)(“两)(阶)(段)(”的)(提)(出)(。综)(合)(国)(际)(国)(内)(形)(势)(和)(中)(国)(发)(展)(条)(件)(,中)(共)(十)(九)(大)(作)(出)(了)(中)(国)(特)(色)(社)(会)(主)(义)(进)(入)(新)(时)(代)(的)(重)(要)(判)(断)(,这)(也)(是)(未)(来)(中)(国)(发)(展)(新)(的)(历)(史)(方)(位)(。报)(告)(提)(出)(,从)(现)(在)(到)(2020年)(是)(全)(面)(建)(成)(小)(康)(社)(会)(决)(胜)(期)(,并)(对)(向)(第)(二)(个)(百)(年)(奋)(斗)(目)(标)(进)(军)(的)(路)(线)(进)(行)(了)(细)(化)(,提)(出)(从)(2020年)(到)(2035年)(要)(基)(本)(实)(现)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(,从)(2035年)(到)(21世)(纪)(中)(叶)(要)(把)(中)(国)(建)(成)(富)(强)(、民)(主)(、文)(明)(、和)(谐)(、美)(丽)(的)(社)(会)(主)(义)(现)(代)(化)(强)(国)(。不)(仅)(把)(基)(本)(实)(现)(现)(代)(化)(目)(标)(的)(时)(间)(提)(前)(了)(15年)(,还)(增)(加)(了)(“美)(丽)(”两)(字)(,进)(一)(步)(丰)(富)(了)(现)(代)(化)(国)(家)(的)(内)(涵)(。
(作)(者)(为)(中)(国)(银)(行)(国)(际)(金)(融)(研)(究)(所)(研)(究)(员)()返)(回)(搜)(狐)(,查)(看)(更)(多)(责)(任)(编)(辑)(:
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